Parents play a critical role in helping children develop physical literacy. As your child uses Passport for Life, you can expect your child’s teacher to involve you in helping your child set realistic and achievable goals. Who knows! You may even improve your own physical literacy along the way!
Components of Passport for Life
The Passport for Life assessment tools encompass four general components of physical literacy:
The Active Participation assessment is a self-report questionnaire that students complete about the variety and frequency of their physical activities. Active participation is a vital component of physical literacy because those who are consistently active tend to experience enhanced well-being in the form of improved motor skills, fitness, eating habits, quality of sleep, cognitive functions and performance, social skills, and physical and psychological health. Motor skills are particularly enhanced when individuals participate regularly in a variety of physical activities. Such variety can take the form of engaging in team and/or individual, organized and/or unorganized, indoor and/or outdoor, and at school and/or out-of-school physical activities.
Actively participating individuals are also comfortable moving in a variety of environments (such as on ice and snow, on land, in water, and in the air) both indoors and outdoors. The definitions for land, snow and ice, water, and air are given below.
- Land - Activities that involve contact with a dry surface (e.g., grass, gym floor, concrete) for the majority of the time. Basketball, soccer and archery are examples of land-based activities.
- Snow and Ice - Activities that involve contact with snow and ice for the majority of the time. Ice hockey, tobogganing, skiing and broomball are examples of snow and ice activities.
- Water - Activities that take place on or in the water for the majority of the time. Swimming, snorkeling, canoeing and waterskiing are examples of water activities.
- Air - Activities that take place in the air for the majority of the time. Recognize that there will be some cross-over here with other activities; however, air activities focus on what happens in the air. Dirt jumping on mountain bikes, diving, ski jumping and trampoline jumping are examples of air activities.
The Living Skills section reflects the student’s self-report assessment of skills that enable individuals to succeed in life. It highlights the physical activity behaviours, motivation, self-regulation, awareness, and interpersonal skills important for being active, healthy, and well for life—all within physical literacy. The component consists of three sections: Feeling, Thinking, and Interacting.
This section consists of three components: Feeling, Thinking, and Interacting.
- Feeling - reveals the amount of physical activity the student engages in and his or her motivation (feelings of confidence, importance, autonomy, enjoyment, anxiety) in it.
- Thinking - reflects the student’s relevant knowledge, understanding, critical thinking, and goal-setting behaviours.
- Interacting - reflects the student’s problem-solving, personal and resource management, cooperation, and social skills.
Each of these living skills can help individuals to make healthy active choices that benefit and respect themselves, others and the environment.
The role of education is to build skills in children, to inspire them to act and to develop in them a sense of competence that can be applied to other areas of life. For this reason, Passport for Life uses the ABC Fit assessment structure. This structure is designed to foster a positive and challenging environment that inspires children and youth to be aware of and interested in their fitness levels and to take steps to engage in a lifetime of play, activity and exercise.
Fundamental Movement Skills (FMS) are a core component of physical literacy. They provide the foundation—or building blocks—for more complex skills used in games, activities, sports and leisure pursuits.
These FMS skills are always evolving and are one of the most important contributing factors for participation in physical activity. If educators can improve fundamental movement skills through instruction and practice, there is an increased likelihood that participants will engage in and enjoy activities that require those skills. The Passport for Life, Movement Skills section assesses skills in object manipulation (kicking), object control (throwing and catching), and locomotion (running) - key components of physical literacy.